It’s 3 to 10 (Official clock system).

09:57

It’s 3 to 10.

Correct answer

09:58

It’s 2 to 10.

Error: 1 minute later

08:47

It’s 13 to 9.

Error: read minutes starting from hour markings and adding minutes

11:45

It’s a quarter to 12.

Error: confuse hour and minute hands