It’s 8 to 1 (Official clock system).

12:52

It’s 8 to 1.

Correct answer

12:53

It’s 7 to 1.

Error: 1 minute later

23:48

It’s 12 to 12.

Error: read minutes starting from hour markings and adding minutes

22:00

It’s 10 o’clock.

Error: confuse hour and minute hands