It’s 8 to 12 (Official clock system).

11:52

It’s 8 to 12.

Correct answer

11:51

It’s 9 to 12.

Error: 1 minute earlier

10:48

It’s 12 to 11.

Error: read minutes starting from hour markings and adding minutes

10:55

It’s 5 to 11.

Error: confuse hour and minute hands